Munich, Saturday 2 September 1972. Stecher beats Boyle
Most of my “I wish I was there” moments are about greatness in sport –Nurmi, Elliott; or great moments like the Mexico Games black power salute.
But this one is about a shitty moment in sport, that was a harbinger of things to come, and is made even more shitty for me because it denied Australia a great champion.
In 1968, at the age of 17, Raelene Boyle came 4th in the Olympic 100m and won silver in the 200m at Mexico City. For years later in Munich she was ready to win gold and take the mantle of Golden Girl from Betty Cuthbert. She was tough as they come, and not known for cracking in big events (she won three Gold at the 1970 Commonwealth Games – at the age of 19!). It was her time.
At the Mexico City Games there were no women from East Germany in 100m, 200m, 400m or 800m finals. None. At the Munich Games four years later the GDR had a gold medallist in the 100m (Renate Stecher), 3 women in the final of the 200m (including the winner, Stecher), 3 in the final of the 400m (including the winner), and one finalist in the 800m. They went from having one finalist in the 1968 80m hurdles to having 3 in 1972 (including the winner), they won Silver in the 4x100m relay, and Gold in the 4x400m relay. Guess they discovered a good training program.
Let’s not beat around the shrubbery here: they cheated. The women were doped up – Stecher’s steroid was Oral-Turinabol.
With the advantage of steroids Stecher won the 100m and the 200m. Raelene Boyle running with the aid of dencorub won Silver in both.
After 1989 records of the East German doping system was revealed. There is no doubt that Stecher was on the gear. No one doubts it; no one questions it (there are no steroid deniers!). And yet Raelene Boyle is still the Silver medallist, and if you buy David Wallechinsky’s The Complete Book of the Summer Olympics, Stecher is still down as Gold medallist. Why? The IOC has an 8 year rule – i.e once 8 years has past the results stay regardless of evidence. Also the IOC only banned steroids in 1975.
Now I know these women were not given a lot of say – and the doctors and sports administrators are truly the ones to blame. But there is enough evidence to suggest that many of these women knew what was happening and didn’t care. By the 1980s Marita Koch the current holder of the women’s 400m world record was complaining that she wasn’t getting enough steroids.
This Olympics really sparked the full on no holds barred run of doping – especially in women’s track and field. It pretty much went on until the early 90s. Virtually all of the records in Women’s athletics were set in the 1980s or by Chinese athletes in the early 90s: the 100m & 200m (Flo Jo, USA, 1988), 400m (Koch GDR, 1985), 800m (Kratochvilova, Czech, 1983), 1500m (Qu, China, 1993), Long Jump (Chistyakova, USSR, 1988), High Jump (Kostadinova, Bulgaria, 1987), Shot Put (Lisovaskaya, USSR, 1988), Discus (Reinsch, GDR, 1988), Heptathlon (Joyner-Kersee, USA, 1988).
That’s six of the current world records for women being set in 1988. Talk about a talent spike!
Yep, women have not been able to improve in 20 years. Bollocks.
I love athletics, and so for that reason alone I would have loved to have been in Munich that Saturday – if only to cheer for Raelene Boyle, and to scream at the top of my lungs in an effort to make sure everyone in the stadium knew she was beaten by a cheat.
Just imagine, she would’ve been done the Women’s 100m and 200m double - up there with Fanny Blankers-Koen, Marjorie Jackson, Betty Cuthbert, and Wilma Rudolph. The giants of the sport.
You know who are the only women to have done the double since 1972? Florence Griffith-Joyner and Marion Jones.